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How to get
- by car, exit at highway A1 exit Ponzano Romano-Soratte, take SR 657 in the direction of Galantina, then take SS313 in the direction of Vacone.
Municipality: 0765 676833
Health care: 0746 676818
Post office: P.zza del Municipio tel: 0746 676947
The name of this town is probably due to the adoration of the Sabin Goddess Vacuna, goddess of the waters, forests and generally connected to a wild naturalism.
On its territory we can easily find old Roman findings such as the villa owned by the famous latin poet Quinto Orazio Flacco. Studies date back to 33 a.C. the donation by Mecenate to the poet that includes Fonte di Bandusia (Fons Bandusiae), the Pago (Pagus), and the clear view of the Soratte mountain that are a sort of declaration of Mecenates’ donation.
Vacone hosts a Castel too and its first documentation is dated back to 1027. In the first years of the XIII century the Ogdolina Roman family took the Castle but the population dissatisfaction led Pope Gregorio IX to buy the Castel again in order to return peace to the entire Sabina. Anyway in 1364 Orsini family and years later the noble Antonio Clarelli bought the propriety. The 18th of November 1816 Antonio Clarelli renounced his feudal rights of Vacone. For this reason Torri annexed Vacone and just in 1827 became an independent municipality.
Did you know?
Vacuna, venerated at first by Sabin population then by Romans, was the name of one of the most important sabin goddess, protector of rest after the countryside job. She was also connected to fertility, springs and hunting. The etymology of her name comes from words largely used connected to rest and contemplation: vacare (to meander), vacante (vacant), vacanze (vacation), vacuare (to evacuate), vacuo (vacuous), vagabondare (to vagabond).
Places of interest
The beauty of this small town can be tracked down in Orazios’ poems: the villa donated to the poet from Mecenate with its monumental cryptoporticos, mosaics, pavements opus spigatum, ninfeo and the wonderful view on Sabin Valley.
There is also a famous spring called Bandusia that, on Varrones’ opinion, during the Fontanalia used to play an important role, in fact every year the 13th of October the population used to throw wreaths on it, probably in order to celebrate Vacuna.
The small town perfectly preserves its artistic and architectonic memories of the medieval period. One of the pearls of this area is Marini Clarelli Castle made up by two different buildings: a yard with view and a garden occupied for more half its extension by a century-old the holm’s foliage.
The trails ends arriving to the Pago, a mysterious forest mentioned by Plinio. This place is an ancestral symbol for Vacone’s population and still today it’s the center of many festivals. Don’t miss: the medieval town center, roman villa, Fonte Bandusia and Pago.
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