How to get
by public transports, take the metropolitan line FL1 Fiumicino- Orte and get off the train at the Poggio Mirteto stop, than take the bus, COTRAL, to reach the village. Check the website www.cotralspa.it for more information.
by car, on the A1 highway take the exit signposted “Ponzano Romano-Soratte”, take the SS 313 and follow the directions to Cantalupo in Sabina, turn when at the directions of Casperia.
Municipality: 0765 63026
Pharmacy: Via G.Marconi 73 tel: 0765 63025
Carabinieri: Via Garibaldi 8 tel: 0765 639003
Postal office: via G. Marconi tel: 0765 63663
Health care: Via Roma 34 – tel: 0765 63335
The historic centre of Casperia is a wonderful example of Medieval architecture and it is completely pedestrian used. The village, originally called Aspra, was built in the 10th c. AD and the walls that surrounds it were built in 1282. The village obtained the status of libero comune- it gained political and administrative independence from the crown- in 1189. Cave archaeology investigations during which aqueducts from the 5th/ 6th century BCE were found, show that the settlement in Casperia was antecedent the Roman Age. It is believed that Aspra is one of the most ancient villages in Sabina and it is also thought to be the first city built before Roman Age. Although the fall of Roman Empire lead/brought the village to ruin, it easily regained its dynamism during the Middle Age thanks to the nearness of Farfa Abbey. In the 13th c., Aspra belonged to Nicolò Pone di Ranieri, Lord of Perugia. In 1376 Aspra pledged submission and reverence to Rome. During the 14th century the custody of Aspra was at first given to the Savelli’s family and then to the Orsini’s family, however in the early 15th century the village returned to the Savelli’s family. In the late 15th century, Aspra was definitely granted to the Papal State but only until the Italian unification. The name of the village was changed into Casperia in 1947.
Did you know?
The castle of Caprignano lied on a hillock opposite from Aspra and they were divided by a deep chasm called Conca del Peccato. Up till now, it is possible to admire the remains of the fortified village thanks to the excavations organized by the Ecole Française of Rome that have brought to light many finds such as items of pottery, pieces of glass, coins and tools. The castle was abandoned in the early 13th century after an attack of the inhabitants of Aspra: a large group of foot soldiers and knights destroyed the tower, the walls, the houses and the fortellitas and burned the castle. Probably the inhabitants joined the people of Aspra and started a new civitas together.
Places of interest
The village is an example of Medieval architecture, with many cordonate- a sloping road composed of transversal stripes made by stone- which meet on the top of the hill, in a square where stands the Church of San Giovanni Battista. Following a ring road which surrounds the walls you will reach a big square where it is possible to admire the Church of Annunziata, with a beautiful Baroque facade, built in 1609. Inside the church there is a beautiful painting (Annunciazione) by Sassoferrato. You can reach the top of the village by passing through a door; here it is possible to admire the Church of San Giovanni Battista, rebuilt in the 16th century, and its bell tower from the 13th century. Two miles North, you can find the Church of Santa Maria in Legarano, built from the remains of an ancient Roman villa, and its portico where the Roman remains are still visible. Near Casperia, on the right-side of the street that leads to Cantalupo in Sabina, it’s possible to visit the former convent of the friars Capuchin of Montefiolo, located on a steep hill and surrounded by a deep forest. Finally, if you keep following the road, you will meet the Medieval Church of the Madonna della Neve (or delle Grazie) in Paranzano. It was rebuilt in 1580 and restored in 1652 but it still preserves lots of frescoes in the presbytery.
- Path La Miniera: from via Finocchieto direction Est/Sud duration 1 h 30’;
- Path Lo Scoglio: from via S. Maria a Via Caprigniano, direction N/O, duration 1 h;
- Path Montefiolo: tour of montain, direction Sud/Est duration 50’;
- Path Piedimonte: from via Roma direction Sud/Est duration 1h e 30’;
- Path La Fonte: from via Coste a S. Vito direzione Sud/Ovest duration 2h;
- La Croce
Info: Daniele Caffarelli 338.3691789 - Raffaele Fabrizi 328.6210505
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